首批省级示范高中 | 教育局直属学校 | 省科研兴校明星学校 | 省平安校园 | 省高中拔尖创新人才培养 信息技术学科基地学校
您现在的位置:首页 >> 教学园地 >> 教坛撷英 >> 内容

A Visit to Cambridge一次课外阅读课

时间:2017/9/13 11:32:03 点击:

  核心提示:教学内容分析本单元的话题是“英国”。通过阅读使学生了解英国的历史和地理位置,国家的构成及名胜古迹。阅读 (Reading) “Puzzles in Geography” 从地理、历史、政治、文化等多角...

教学内容分析

本单元的话题是“英国”。通过阅读使学生了解英国的历史和地理位置,国家的构成及名胜古迹。

阅读 (Reading)  “Puzzles in Geography” 从地理、历史、政治、文化等多角度说明了联合王国的形成、发展及其风土人情和人文景观。但是教材中关于英国的介绍太过粗略, 为了使学生对英国有更详实的认识,拓宽其知识面,让他们能深入理解和领悟英国语言和英国文化习俗,本人就将自己在英国学习期间日记中的一篇作为本单元的补充教材(Supplementary reading)。三万多字的《旅英日记》记录了本人在2005年在英国为期3个月考察、交流、学习的点点滴滴,也记录了我对那段经历的深切感悟。

阅读理解 (Comprehending) 部分通过练习加强学生对文章的深层理解,训练其概括总结能力。

 

 

Supplementary reading

Steps: Warming Up, Reading and Comprehending

Teaching Goals:

1. To arouse Ss’ interest in learning about the history and location of the well-known university in the UK.

2. To develop Ss’ ability of summing up.

3. Let Ss master some important words and expressions.

4. To develop some basic reading skills.

Teaching Procedures:

Step 1 warming up

After greeting them, I’ll show them some pictures of my travel in Europe to elicit the topic.

I am probably a restless soul, so I like to travel. I have been to numerous places of the world. I enjoy seeing new things, experiencing other cultures and meeting new people.I am always on the way whenever I have holidays.    

Two months ago, I took a 12-day trip to Europe, going around four countries,France,Germany,Switzerland and Italy.The experience was so unforgettable that many wonderful moments came to mind again and again like a slide show.

In Europe, there's no escape for those who do not appreciate art and architecture.It is a heaven for people who want to feel like they have been transported to famous historical time periods.

Paris and Rome are two major cities in my trip, Paris had a more royal feel than Rome and Rome felt more ancient than Paris. While I was wandering along the small lanes paved by stone, which exist there many centuries,I felt I wasn't just on a different continent,it felt like I was in a different century. It was a travel in time.   

The museums in Paris, Rome, Milan and Florence are art galleries filled with exquisite paintings,sculptures and other art forms created by world-known masters in humans history.What impressed me most were the marble sculptures displayed there.What makes them unique is rich expressions on the faces, as well as the details of their bodies.You can see the muscles rippling and you can feel blood flowing in their bodies, so real that you just cant help touching them.My trip to Europe this summer was one where I learned so much about history and art.I look forward to the next time, visiting new countries and cities. Surely many more treasures await me!

Where I go , I'll take a camera with me, at night I will look at the pictures and look back on what I have seen and experienced during the day and write it down  in my diary. Little by little, small pieces of my writing turn into passages and passages into articles and then a booklet. Each time  I read my  diary, all that happened at that moment comes vividly into my mind. What an amazing feeling !  

 Now I' like to share with you one piece of my diary

A Visit to Cambridge,  which I wrote nearly 13 years ago.

Then show some pictures of Cambridge I took while I was studying in the UK, encouraging them to recall what’s in their mind about this famous university by asking them questions.

1.      Have you heard of Cambridge? Where is it? What is it known for?

2.      Why do some of the most intelligent men and women in the country live and work here?

3.      Tell us how you feel after you have seen the pictures of Cambridge?

Step 2. Reading

This part of my diary was used as one of the reading passages in their final-term test paper last term,so they should be familiar with what they are going to read. Now let them read my diary in 5 minutes to refresh some details, and then answer the following questions.

1.How many hours was the trip? Where did the trip start? Why was the trip longer than expected?

2.What happened on the way to Cambridge? What was the writer’s attitude to the incident?

3. How are the drivers in the UK prevented from getting sleepy while driving?

4.Why is Cambridge called a university town? What are there in the heart of Cambridge?

5.What did the writer see in the Fitzwilliam Museum ?

6. Was the writer superstitious(迷信) by saying “It seemed that he was having a dialogue with that master.” in the fifth paragraph? What did he really mean?

7. Why are bicycles the main means of transport for the students in Cambridge?

8.What does the writer suggest a visitor do if he/she happens to be in the middle of  a street during a break any morning of full term?

9. What idea may you have when you read “I met a mother fox with two little foxes searching the dustbin for food when I was near the hostess’ gate. They didn’t seem to get afraid when I was approaching.”?

Step 3 Close exercise. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.

A university town is one where there is no clear __1__ between the university and the __2__ of the town. Cambridge is such a town. In shops, cafes, banks and churches you can see many students and they make these places part of their university as __3__.

There are about thirty colleges in Cambridge, and the newest was __4__ in the mid 1960s. Living in __5__ outside the college, every student is a member of it and his social and sports life __6__ on the college. He __7__ various university societies and clubs. There are over 10,000 __8__ and __9__ in Cambridge University. They go to lectures by bike, hurrying __10__ all directions.

Step 4.  Rearrange the words in the following five groups so that they become meaningful sentences.

1. that have influenced the world, you may wonder, come out of this place, why so many people, or helped to change this world

2. like a pilgrim ,with all these curiosities, looking for the purest and most sacred thing in the world, with other visitors, I walked quietly in the rain,

3. with river flowing slowly below, walking along the narrow stone-paved streets, youll feel in medieval times and a sense of awe will rise, of your heart, or crossing bridges, from the deepest part,

4. to uncover the veil of its mystery,  mystery will come out ,the more you are thinking, the more, you’ll have, the stronger emotion,

5. coming to life, those old buildings ,standing in front of, and churches, of 600, 700, or 800 years, you will find it is just like a history lesson, that may have a history

Step 5 Now put the 5 sentences in a better order so that they make up a good paragraph.

Homework  Read my diary : An Amazing Trip to Scotland

 

附阅读材料两篇:

28th January, 2005

A Visit to Cambridge

I visited Cambridge today. Though the trip took us 5 hours, much longer than expected, and it rained the whole day with strong winds there, I think the famous town thoroughly deserved a visit.

The National Express bus started at 6:10 in the morning from Brighton. It stopped at 4 airports along the way, which wasted a lot of time. When we were stiff with long sitting and one of us stood up to relax his numbed(麻木的) legs, the driver asked him to sit down but this guy wouldn’t listen, the driver pulled up (slowly stopped the bus along the roadside) and said seriously to him, “Either you get off or sit down,” which really surprised all us Chinese on the bus. To be safe and avoid injuries and killings is the first policy on the highway. This is indeed what we should learn from them. Later, when talking with the passenger next to me, I learned that about every three hours along the highway, where there is a service station, the driver would get off and another one would get on to take his place. In China, tragedies caused by sleepy drivers are not rare in recent years. We can never be too careful on the road!

When we arrived at Cambridge, it was over 11 o’clock. There are nearly thirty colleges in Cambridge. The oldest part of the university was built in 13th century while the newest college was founded in the mid 1960s. Because the number of the students there is too great, many of them live in lodgings(出租房) and move into college for their final year. Though they live outside, their social and sports life centers on the college and they will also join various university societies and clubs.

Cambridge is called a university town because there is no clear separation between the university buildings and the rest of the city. The university is not just one part of the town; it is all over the town. The heart of Cambridge has its shops, pubs, supermarkets and so on, but most of it is university – colleges, faculties(), libraries, clubs and other places for university staff and students. Students fill the shops, cafes, banks and churches, making these as well part of the university.

We spent about one hour in the Fitzwilliam Museum, which has a magnificent collection of antiquities(古董), sculptures, furniture, pottery, paintings, prints, coins and medals. A group of pupils were having their history lesson in the museum. Surrounded by all those items displayed there, they were having a heated discussion. What a good learning place! In the painting section on the second floor, in front of a glass case, where lay some sketches(素描) by a certain master in ancient time, stood a young artist, lost in thought. It seemed that he was having a dialogue with that master. Will he be another master in 20 years?

  Standing in front of those old buildings and churches that may have a history of 600, 700, or 800 years, you will find it is just like a history lesson coming to life. Walking along the narrow stone-paved streets or crossing bridges with river flowing slowly below, you will feel as if history stopped back in medieval(中世纪) times and a sense of awe(敬畏) will rise from the deepest part of your heart. You may wonder why so many people that have influenced the world or helped to change this world come out of this place? What is their secret? The more you are thinking, the more mystery will come out, the stronger emotion you’ll have to uncover the veil of its mystery. With all these curiosities, I walked quietly with other visitors in the rain like a pilgrim(香客) looking for the purest and most sacred(神圣的) thing in the world. The wet weather will leave me more memory. Today will be an unforgettable day.

  Bicycles here are something noticeable. I’ve been here for nearly a month and Cambridge is the first place in the UK I’ve noticed where bicycles dominate the streets. It is not difficult to understand why bicycles are the main means of transport for the students here. With over 10,000 undergraduates(本科生) and postgraduates(研究生), the city is a busy place in full term. The students here are not allowed to keep cars when they study in Cambridge, so nearly all of them use bicycles. So if you happen to be walking in a street here during a break any morning of full term, stop in a safe place and wait to avoid a boiling sea of bicycles hurrying in all directions, sending students from one college to another or from one lecture room to another.

  Bookshops here are not very large, but you can easily find books that are full of the wisest ideas.

  The bus left Cambridge at 6:40pm. When it arrived at Brighton, it was nearly 12 o’ clock in the middle of the night, I was lucky enough not to miss the last bus. On the bus I met a lot of people who had gotten drunk. They refused to get off the bus. I don’t know how the bus driver will deal with drunks!

  I met a mother fox with two little foxes searching the dustbin for food when I was near the hostess’ gate. They didn’t seem to get afraid when I was approaching.

  It’s now two o’clock in the morning. I have to stop writing and have a good sleep.

 

Homework

An Amazing Trip to Scotland

20th March, 2005

A five-day trip to Scotland 

We got on the bus at 7 pm from Brighton National Express Coach Station on Wednesday. At 9:10 in the evening, we arrived at London Coach Center --- Victoria Bus Station. One hour later we got on the coach to Edinburgh, Scotland. When we got to Edinburgh Coach Center, it was 8 am the next morning.

The trip to London this time seemed to be very short. The driver played the classical songs that were all familiar to me. Beautiful music came floating out of speakers on the bus, very soothing to me. I had heard one of the songs The Song of Silence by Duo Simon and Garfunkel hundreds of times, but never before had I had such a feeling that Heaven really existed there, and it was so near to me then!

The beautiful songs were just like lullabies sounding me into a state of half sleep, reminding me of all the wonderful moments I had experienced. With slight shake of the running coach and the broken light from the road lamps shining on my face, in my faint awareness, the wonderful tune still echoed in my mind.

 My eyes were stabbed by the flash of neon lights and then I woke up when the coach drove into busy part of London. It was not until then that I fully comprehended what the metaphorical lyrics of the Song of Silence hinted at.

The song uses the imagery of light and darkness to show how people's ignorance and apathy destroy their ability to communicate even on simple levels.

Music is really a wonder, especially at the right moment and at the right place.

 Luckily I had a sound sleep on the coach though a bit uncomfortable. When I woke up, it was 6 o’clock. It was broad daylight already. What I saw through coach window was amazing views, green land stretched endlessly up and down irregularly.

After we arrived there, we went straight to the information center and got the map we needed and some other information. Then we went to visit Edinburgh Castle which is built on a huge rock, where we spent two and a half hours.

Edinburgh Castle is a fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland.  As one of the most important fortresses in the Kingdom of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle has been involved in many historical conflicts, from the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century, up to the Jacobite Rising of 1745, and has been besieged, both successfully and unsuccessfully, on several occasions. From the later 17th century, the castle became a military base, with a large garrison. Its importance as a historic monument was recognised from the 19th century, and various restoration programmes have been carried out since.

Walking out of the Edinburgh Castle, we walked along the Royal Mile, the historic old Town, till we got to the new Scottish Parliament Building, in front of which is another palace for the Royal family. Then we chose a back street and climbed up the hill to the highest point of the city, where there is a monument which has the style of ancient Greece. On the hill the little yellow flowers called gorse by the local people could be seen everywhere. It was a pity it was raining at that time so we couldn’t take good pictures. Down the hill, we tried to find the hostel we had booked through the Internet. There was not much trouble in finding it.

This was the first time we stayed in such a hotel.12 people lived in a room that is less than 20 square meters and it was more like sleeping in a sleeping car. What a smell!!! A true multinational and multicultural place! One thing that could delight us was that we each paid 10 pound for a night and we could cook our own meals. A bowl of hot noodles was just what I needed then. After dinner, we took a stroll along the streets of Edinburgh. The night of this city is more attractive. The whole city was lit up by neon lights, the castle on the hill looked even more splendid. Big shop windows displayed the fine articles, very eye-catching! Outside a big shop a busker was playing bagpipes --- the traditional Scottish musical instrument, which added a kind of mystery and romance to the night of Edinburgh. At 8:20 we went into a pub near where we lived, full of people, very noisy. We stayed there till 10:20. A tiring day and being a little drunk soon sent me into a dream.

  At 5 o’clock we got up as we had to catch the 6:30 coach to Glasgow. At 8:00 we got to the Glasgow coach center, which was the cleanest one that I had been to in the UK, and the staff there were very helpful. I wanted to go to the toilet but I didnt have any change. Seeing me in embarrassment, the man at the toilet door said: “Go straight in and enjoy the call of nature.”

  At 9:20, we got on the coach to Loch Lomond, which was about one hour and 40 minutes coach ride. When we got off the bus, the driver told us, the bus would return at 4:26 in the afternoon and that if we missed the bus we would have to wait another 24 hours. We didn’t know why it was 4:26, not 4:25 or 4:30.

Low dark clouds covered mountains around the lake and the lake was shrouded in mist and chilly air. We enjoyed ourselves thoroughly by walking along the side of the lake. The houses there are beautifully built, especially the gardens in front and at the back of the houses. After we had our lunch in the little shelter under a big tree, the rain stopped. We began to climb the mountain nearby. We followed the winding narrow tarred road to the bright brown mountain. Up the road we walked about 2 hours. A local farmer told us that never before had he seen Chinese in front of his house. When we came down from the mountain it was 3:50. We waited at the bus stop for the bus to come, fearing that we might miss the bus. Exactly at 4:26, the bus came. It was surprisingly punctual.

At 6:30 we returned to Glasgow. We found our hostel and settled down, which was better than that in Edinburgh. After we had our dinner, we went out to the center of the city, where there were many Chinese restaurants, some of which were very big. It was Friday night, so all the pubs and bars were crowded. We chose one that was near to our hostel. We spent two hours and I sang two songs in the pub. A lot of people came to our table and said hello to me. They encouraged me and the MC (the master of the ceremony) there said I could sing in any club in Edinburgh, he was kidding, of course. When we left that pub, it was nearly 11:00. After a hot shower, I soon fell asleep.

At 6:00 the next morning we got up and we caught the 7:20 coach to Inverness. It is the northernmost city in the UK. It means the mouth of the River Ness. It is regarded as the capital of the Highlands of Scotland. It lies at the northeastern extremity of the Great Glen, where the River Ness enters the Inverness, making it a natural center for various transport links.

After 5 hours ride we reached Inverness. All the way to Inverness, the beautiful scenery was just beyond description. Bordered by forests and lakes, natural resources in Inverness are well protected. Thanks to good weather, we had a leisurely walk up the Caledonnian Canal for about two hours. Along the Canal, we saw beautiful gardens, golf courses, featured cottages and school football grounds. A school was having their sports meeting. We saw a wonderful time children and their parents were having. Rich natural resources provide a wealth of outdoor opportunities for family enjoyment!

The Calenonian Canal was designed to provide an easily navigable route for commercial and passenger vessels between the North Sea and the Atlantic. Although the Canal totals 60 miles in length, only 22 of these are man-made with the rest formed for Loch Nochfour, Loch Ness, Loch Vich and Loch Lochay connected at Tomnahurich Bridge. We took a rest and had our lunch at 13:35. We got off the bus leading to Loch Ness. After about 35 minutes ride, we got to the boat and took a cruise tour for about one hour. It was an unforgettable experience. We seemed to enter a fairyland, reflections danced on the mirror like water surface of the beautiful lake and Scottish music produced by bagpipes from far away could be heard and a wedding ceremony was being held on the bank near the fascinating ruins of Urquhart castle. We took a lot of pictures recording all the beauty here which would remind us of the good time we had in Scotland. Like all the visitors to Loch Ness, we waited and waited but the monster didnt appear!!! The tour took about 3 and a half hours. When we got to Inverness, it was nearly 5 oclock. We caught the 5:20 coach to Glasgow and then took the coach to London at 10:20.

 We got to London at 7:40 the next morning. At 8:00, we took the coach to Brighton. Two hours later we arrived at Brighton, a long coach journey, 15 hours on the coaches.

 

 

 

 

 

作者:刘少文 来源:
相关评论
发表我的评论
  • 大名:
  • 内容:
  • 资源技术服务处 | 网站中心 | ZhaoZH设计制作  © 2017 版权所有 All Rights Reserved.
  • 校址:西安市咸宁中路151号 E-mail:xi_an83zx@163.com  电话:(029)82160087 82160823 82160079 82160081 82160090 陕ICP备05007343号